Brushed DC motor vs Brushless DC (BLDC) Motor

Brushed DC motor

A brushed DC motor is a type of electric motor that uses a commutator and brushes to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. It consists of a rotor, which is the rotating part of the motor, and a stator, which is the stationary part of the motor.

Motor internals.JPGBy Jfer91Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link


  1. Low Cost: Brushed DC motors are relatively inexpensive compared to other types of motors, making them an attractive option for many applications.
  2. Simple Design: Brushed It has a simple design, with few parts, which makes them easy to manufacture, maintain, and repair.
  3. High Starting Torque: Brushed DC motors can provide high starting torque, which makes them ideal for applications that require a lot of power to get started, such as power tools or heavy-duty machinery.
  4. Speed Control: They can be easily controlled using a simple potentiometer or speed controller, allowing for variable speed operation.


  1. Short Life Span: Brushed DC motors have a limited lifespan due to the wear and tear of the brushes and commutator, which can lead to reduced performance and eventual failure.
  2. Maintenance: It requires periodic maintenance, such as replacing the brushes and cleaning the commutator, which can be time-consuming and expensive.
  3. Noise: Brushed DC motors produce more noise than other types of motors, which can be a disadvantage in applications where quiet operation is important.
  4. Brushed DC motors are not very efficient and can waste energy due to friction and heat loss in the brushes and commutator.


  1. Automotive: Brushed DC motors are commonly used in automotive applications, such as power windows, windshield wipers, and seat adjustments.
  2. Industrial: Used in a wide range of industrial applications, such as conveyor belts, pumps, and fans.
  3. Robotics: Widely used in robotics and automation applications, such as robotic arms and grippers.
  4. Appliances: Brushed DC motors are used in many household appliances, such as blenders, mixers, and vacuum cleaners.

BLDC (Brushless DC) Motor

Brushless-Motor-DUM60.jpgBy Kipperoo at English Wikipedia – Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Liftarn using CommonsHelper., Public Domain, Link

A Brushless DC (BLDC) motor is a type of electric motor that uses an electronic commutation system instead of brushes and a commutator to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy. It consists of a rotor with permanent magnets and a stator with coils that are energized in a specific sequence to create motion. Here are some advantages, disadvantages, and applications of BLDC motors:


  1. High Efficiency: BLDC motors are highly efficient due to their lack of brushes and commutator, which reduces friction and energy loss.
  2. Low Maintenance: It requires less maintenance than brushed motors since they have fewer mechanical parts that can wear out or fail.
  3. High Power Density: They have a high power-to-weight ratio, making them ideal for applications where weight and size are important factors.
  4. Precise Control: BLDC motors can be precisely controlled using electronic speed controllers, allowing for accurate and smooth operation.


  1. Higher Cost: BLDC motors are generally more expensive than brushed motors, which can be a disadvantage in cost-sensitive applications.
  2. More Complex Control Circuitry: It requires more complex control circuitry, such as motor controllers and sensors, which can add to the cost and complexity of the system.
  3. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI): They can produce electromagnetic interference, which can be problematic in applications that require low levels of EMI.
  4. Limited High-Torque Capability: BLDC motors have limited high-torque capability compared to brushed motors, which can be a disadvantage in applications that require high torque at low speeds.


  1. Automotive: Commonly used in automotive applications, such as electric power steering, HVAC systems, and electric pumps.
  2. Aerospace: BLDC motors are used in a wide range of aerospace applications, such as aircraft actuation systems, pumps, and fans.
  3. Industrial: Used in many industrial applications, such as robotics, machine tools, and factory automation systems.
  4. Appliances: Household appliances, such as washing machines, refrigerators, and air conditioners.

Basic comparison

  1. Construction: The brushed DC motor has a commutator and brushes that deliver power to the rotor windings, while the BLDC motor has a permanent magnet rotor and a stator with windings.
  2. Maintenance: Brushed DC motors require more maintenance than BLDC motors. The brushes and commutators wear out over time and need to be replaced, while BLDC motors have no brushes or commutators, so they require less maintenance.
  3. Efficiency: BLDC motors are generally more efficient than brushed DC motors. Because there are no brushes, there is no frictional loss, resulting in less power loss and higher efficiency.
  4. Speed control: Brushed DC motors can be controlled by varying the voltage supplied to the motor. BLDC motors, on the other hand, require more complex control systems, such as electronic speed controllers (ESC), to control their speed and torque.
  5. Cost: Brushed DC motors are generally less expensive than BLDC motors due to their simpler construction. However, the maintenance costs associated with brushed DC motors can add up over time, making BLDC motors more cost-effective in the long run.
  6. Noise: Brushed DC motors can be quite noisy due to the brushes and commutator. BLDC motors, on the other hand, operate more quietly due to their smoother operation.

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