Voltage Doubler Circuit schematic
AC to DC Voltage Doubler Circuit
A voltage doubler is a circuit which produces an output voltage which is double of the applied input voltage. The below diagram is an AC to DC voltage doubler circuit. That is the input supply is an AC source which is converted to a DC output with a voltage value of two times the input AC voltage.
In this circuit, the capacitor C1 and C2 charges alternately in the two half cycles of the AC source. So, the total voltage across the two capacitors becomes equal to the sum of the voltage of two capacitors.
On the positive half cycle, the diode D1 is forward biased and D2 is reverse biased, thus the current drive through the path from A to B via Diode D1 and capacitor C1. Now the capacitor C1 charges and the voltage across the capacitor C1 becomes equal to the voltage across AB.
On the Negative half cycle, the D2 forward biased and D1 reverse biased, thus the current flows from B to A through capacitor C2 and D2. Hence the voltage across C2 also becomes equal to the VAB.
So, the total voltage taken across the C1 and C2 becomes V=VAB+VAB=2VAB.
To maintain the output voltage as twice as its input, use a load with high resistance or use a larger capacitance. So the capacitor can be charged in each cycle before it discharges to a lower voltage level.
DC Voltage doubler circuit using 555
Here circuit is a voltage doubler or DC to DC converter using a 555 IC. The circuit consists of an astable multivibrator circuit which generates a square wave at the output terminal 3, with a 50% duty cycle. The capacitors C1 and C2 charges alternately with the ON and OFF state of the output. When the output is low the capacitor C1 charges and at the high state capacitor C2 charges. The Diode D2 and D3 prevents the discharging of the capacitors.
The applied input voltage should be at the limit of IC NE555 operating voltage 4.5 V- 16V. If the input voltage is V (4.5 V- 16 V) then the output voltage taken across the capacitors will be 2V, that is double of the supply voltage. The output values may have slight variations; it should measure properly before applying to any components or device. Also, the output load should have minimum resistance to prevent over discharge of the capacitor.
IC – NE555
Resistor – R1, R2 – 39K
Capacitor – C1, C2 – 100uf, C3, C4 – 10nf
Diode – D1, D2, D3 -1N4007
Supply – 4.5V -16V
Simple DC Voltage doubler circuit
This voltage doubler circuit also consists of an astable multivibrator, using an Op-amp IC 741. Similar to a 555 voltage doubler, the here circuit also generates a square wave output of a specific time period which switches the output states HIGH and LOW. The base of both NPN and PNP transistors, BC547 and BC557 respectively are connected to the op amp output.
So, during the high state of the op-amp o/p, the transistor Q1 will be active and the capacitor C3 gets charged. And in the low state, the transistor Q2 will be active and capacitor C2 charges. Therefore the total potential across the both capacitors will be double of the supply voltage. Because the value equal to the supply voltage is stored in each capacitor alternatively during each high and low state of the o/p.
The capacitor C1 and Resistor R3 should connect to the ground or zero voltage point of the supply.
Resistor – R1 – 15k, R2, R3 – 10k, R4 – 1k
Capacitor – C1 – .01uf, C2, C3 – 100uf
Transistor – Q1 – BC547, Q2 – BC557
Diode – D1, D2 – 1N4007