Digital Amplifiers Viva Interview Questions with Answers

  1. What is a digital amplifier?
    • A digital amplifier, also known as a switching amplifier, is a type of amplifier where the amplifying devices (transistors, usually MOSFETs) operate as electronic switches, and not as linear gain devices as in other amplifiers. They are rapidly switched between the supply rails, driven by a modulated pulse width signal to create a sequence of pulses, such that the supply voltage is either fully on or fully off.
  2. What are the key features of digital amplifiers?
      • Digital amplifiers are known for their high efficiency.
      • Compact size.
      • Lighter weight compared to analog amplifiers.
      • Excellent linearity and signal-to-noise ratio.
  3. How does a digital amplifier work?
    • Digital amplifiers work by taking a digital input signal, converting it to a pulse-width modulated (PWM) signal, and feeding it to a class-D amplifier. The output of the amplifier is a high-power version of the original input signal.
  4. What are the advantages of digital amplifiers?
    • Digital amplifiers are highly efficient, often above 90%. This means less power is wasted as heat, allowing for smaller heat sinks and a smaller overall product size. They are also less susceptible to signal degradation due to noise.
  5. What are the disadvantages of digital amplifiers?
    • One of the main disadvantages of digital amplifiers is the complexity of the design and the need for high-speed switching circuits. They can also produce higher levels of electromagnetic interference (EMI) due to the high-speed switching.
  6. What are some applications of digital amplifiers?
    • Digital amplifiers are used in a wide range of applications, including home theater systems, professional audio systems, mobile audio, and even certain automotive applications.
  7. What is Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) and how is it related to digital amplifiers?
    • Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) is a technique used to encode a message into a pulsing signal. It’s a way of digitally encoding analog signal levels. In the context of digital amplifiers, PWM is used to convert the digital input signal into a sequence of pulses, which is then amplified by the class-D amplifier.
  8. What is a Class-D amplifier?
    • They operate by rapidly switching the output devices between the supply rails, being fed by a modulated pulse width signal.
  9. What is the difference between a digital amplifier and an analog amplifier?
    • The main difference between digital and analog amplifiers lies in their method of operation. Analog amplifiers amplify the input signal continuously, while digital amplifiers switch rapidly between the supply rails, driven by a modulated pulse width signal.
  10. What is the role of MOSFETs in digital amplifiers?
    • MOSFETs (Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors) are often used in digital amplifiers as the switching devices. They are preferred because of their high switching speed and low on-resistance, which contribute to the high efficiency of digital amplifiers.

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